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Not Breastsfed? Twice as Likely to Die of SIDS

Last post 03-11-2009 10:26 PM by claudiaToms. 2 replies.
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  • 03-05-2009 5:53 AM

    Not Breastsfed? Twice as Likely to Die of SIDS

    Got this from LLL this AM:

    A study published this month in the journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics has found that breastfeeding protects infants from 
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). SIDS is the leading cause of  death for infants in developed countries, and yet the causes are not 
    fully understood. Past studies have linked breastfeeding with SIDS  prevention, and this research shows that infants who are formula fed 
    are twice as likely to die of SIDS than breastfed infants. Any amount of breastfeeding was found to have a protective effect. The 
    researchers recommend that all SIDS-prevention campaigns carry a message promoting breastfeeding. The study was a case-control design 
    and included 333 cases of SIDS and 998 age-matched controls in  Germany, from 1998 to 2001.

    While previous research has documented the relationship between breastfeeding and low SIDS rates, there was speculation that the this 
    relationship may not be causal. The argument is made that parents who re more likely to breastfeed are also more likely to be of high 
    socioeconomic status, and therefore statistically less likely to  engage in behaviour which puts infants at risk for SIDS, such as 
    smoking or dangerous co-sleeping habits. In this study researchers adjusted the data to control for the effect of socioeconomic status 
    and suggested a mechanism which could explain a causal relationship between breastfeeding and SIDS-prevention. Most infants who die of 
    SIDS are between two and four months old. At this age, maternal  acquired immunoglobulin G is low and the infant has not yet begun to 
    produce large amounts of its own immunoglobulin. Breastmilk contains immunoglobulin and cytokines, which may help stave off infections 
    which are believed to contribute to SIDS. It has also been shown that  breastfed infants are more easily aroused than formula-fed babies, 
    another mechanism which could help prevent SIDS.

    After the age of four months, infants are at a lower risk for SIDS  and the older they get, the more their risk declines. Because the 
    risk is so low by six months of age, researchers recommend that all babies be breastfed until six months of age.

    Current recommendations from the Canadian Paediatric Society do not take into account the impact that breastfeeding has on SIDS rates, 
    nor do those of the American Academy of Pediatrics or the UK  Department of Health. Because breastfeeding rates are low in 
    economically deprived sectors of society, the researchers recommend  "special programs" which encourage mothers with low socioeconomic 
    status to breastfeed.

    For the full study see: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/123/3/e406

    Vennemann MM, Bajanowski T, Jorch G, Mitchell EA, Does 
    Breastfeeding Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, 
    Pediatrics Vol. 123, No. 3, March 2009, pp e406-e410.
     

    Susan
    Moderator

    I get up every morning determined to both change the world and have one hell of a good time. Sometimes this makes planning my day difficult. --E.B. White
  • 03-06-2009 5:57 AM In reply to

    Re: Not Breastsfed? Twice as Likely to Die of SIDS

    Excellent article!!!!

     

    Mary

  • 03-11-2009 10:26 PM In reply to

    Re: Not Breastsfed? Twice as Likely to Die of SIDS

    1.  I read an artical about Brstfd and SIDS in Discover magazine.  It related that the time sequence of SIDS was related to  the time when Babies innitiate speech.  Baby must learn to hold it's breath to make a cooing/babble sound.  Babies who are bsttfed are more apt to pickup the mother's breathing patterns and learn to do this speech readiness easier.[don't  panic,I don't want to offend anyone who doesn't brstfed] But,Brstfed babes are more apt to be held more,have less reflux,and have more attention from the mother.  Thus also mom may picks up fever,stuffiness,too much cover,to name a few of the risk factors for SIDS.  This artical also said that cows milk is a common allergen and can increase the risk of SIDS  [WHEN IS SPRING COMING TO MICHIGAN]
    claudia

    Women and cats will do as they please and men and dogs should relax and get used to the idea. - Robert A Heinlein
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