1) Nurse Midwifery demands a BS in nursing & a MS in midwifery, w talk of demanding even more training in the near future. Direct Entry Midwifery usually takes about 3 yrs training, some times a lot more depending on how much time, money & energy you have to devote to your training.
2) No, midwives are needed all over. CNM's however, do work mostly in larger cities, as rural settings are not conducive to having the volume of births it takes to have both an MD & CNM in practice together.
3) Salary????!!!! Ha, ha, ha, you must be kidding! Midwifery is a ministry, not a job! Except in the big cities, as stated above.
4) not sure about the CNM's, it probably has much to do with how much their services are needed, and how enthusiastic their collaborative doc/employer is about having them join the team. But as DEM or CPM, yes, we go directly to working primarily with expectant moms.
5) Any midwife, in a delivery room, only has as much "power" as her collaborative OB let's her. Some practice almost independently, others are closely scrutinized & tightly harnessed. Only DEM's are free to do whatever they see best at the moment, even then, they need informed consent of the couple, so are still not totally free.
6) Midwifery Model of Care vs Medical Model of Care - two polar opposites! Medical model assumes pregnancy is a malady one must be cured of. The midwifery model assumes pregnancy is a normal, healthy state of being.