I want to answer your questions about births for the CNM: "Here's a question...As a CNM, are there a certain number of births you are required to attend before getting licensed, like the CPM needs?
To become a CNM, you have to:
1. Graduate from an accredited program
2. Take the certifying exam
To take the certifiying exam, you have to graduate from an accredited program- that's all.
However, to graduate from an accredited program, you will be expected to be the primary midwife on a certain number of births- it's usually somewhere between 15-20. There is usually not a hard and fast number b/c midwifery is competency based. If you have showed your competency after 15 births, then great. If you need 20 births to show your competency, then that's what they expect. But, the important thing to keep in mind is that you are working closely with your preceptor during your integration semester. She will be the one to make sure you manage enough births and that you are competent to practice.
To get licensed there is no expecationn of a certain number of births. If you have graduated from an accredited program (during which your preceptor supervised you in at least 15-20 births) and you have passed the credentialing exam, then you can get licensed.
"Like if I shadow a midwife while in Korea, would those births count towards my licensing?"
Any births you attend in Korea will not count because you haven't started your CNM program yet. They probably wouldn't count towards the CPM credential either b/c NARM has recently changed their rules about attending births overseas and they are very specific about how you can count births attended outside of the U.S.
"Are you working in a clinic somewhere to get that experience? Does it matter when it occurs?"
Where you attend births will depend on the program. You will need to research how these programs work. For example, I didn't see the The Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursingl on your list. Have you looked into this school? They are a distance based CNM program and have had a large role in the history of homebirth midwifery. They have you choose a preceptor in your community (this could be a hospital CNM, a birth-center CNM, or a homebirth CNM) and then you will attend births through your preceptor. Theoretically, if you find a homebirth CNM who is willing to precept you, you could get ALL of your births in the homebirth setting only. Another example: my school is similar, I am responsible for finding a preceptor (although they have a list of practices that have helped out in the past that I could reference) and wherever they practice (hospital, BC, home) then that's where I get my births.
The Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing would be a great option for you because they are a distance program. You can do it from anywhere and you choose your preceptor from within your community. They are highly regarded.